Program management or programme management is the process of managing several related projects, often with the intention of improving an organization's performance. In practice and in its aims it is often closely related to systems engineering and industrial engineering.
The program manager has oversight of the purpose and status of the projects in a program and can use this oversight to support project-level activity to ensure the program goals are met by providing a decision-making capacity that cannot be achieved at project level or by providing the project manager with a program perspective when required, or as a sounding board for ideas and approaches to solving project issues that have program impacts. In a program there is a need to identify and manage cross-project dependencies and often the project management office (PMO) may not have sufficient insight of the risk, issues, requirements, design or solution to be able to usefully manage these. The program manager may be well placed to provide this insight by actively seeking out such information from the project managers although in large and/or complex projects, a specific role may be required. However this insight arises, the program manager needs this in order to be comfortable that the overall program goals are achievable.
The sequence of cards used by a Jacquard loom to produce a given pattern within weaved cloth. Invented in 1801, it used holes in punched cards to represent sewing loom arm movements in order to generate decorative patterns automatically.
The execution of a program is a series of actions following the instructions it contains. Each instruction produces effects that alter the state of the machine according to its predefined meaning.
While some machines are called programmable, for example a programmable thermostat or a musical synthesizer, they are in fact just devices which allow their users to select among a fixed set of a variety of options, rather than being controlled by programs written in a language (be it textual, visual or otherwise).
... continuing and technical education, bilingual services, and special education, but also sports, drama, special academic programs, field trips and events ... Local districts use levy funds to pay for transportation, food service and transitional bilingual instructional programs.
The CRTC, the country’s TV and telecom watchdog will require that CBC’s English-language services direct at least 30 percent of overall programming expenditures to local indie series produced by “indigenous producers, OLMC (bilingual) producers, racialized ...
Whether used as a dual-language, transitional bilingual, or world languages program, ImagineEspañol inspires breakthroughs for early readers and language learners while delivering the Spanish language and literacy foundation they need to succeed in school and beyond.
But, the pilot project needed leadership that could create a more defined program structure and find the right curricula for bilingual students, said EpicSuperintendentBartBanfield... The ideal entry point in the program is pre-K, particularly for non-Spanish-speaking students, Forbes said.
Prospera's DeKalb CountyLatino Entrepreneurship Program will offer bilingual, culturally sensitive services to established and aspiring Latino entrepreneurs ... Prospera is an economic development, nonprofit organization that since 1991 has specialized in providing bilingual ...
Positioned against the assimilative and deficit oriented bilingual education programs of the time, the program won by El Comité was fundamentally understood to be part of a larger project to transform material conditions and build working-class power for self-determination and a decolonial future.